The Shanghai Free Trade Zone was incorporated on September 29, 2013, with the aim of testing some liberalization measures, including financial liberalization. Although the zone is currently moving at a glacially slow pace in terms of liberalizing interest rates and financial flows, there are plans to allow funds to be transferred offshore. If and when this occurs, some financial flows moving offshore may be legitimate—going to real investment in countries like the United States, Japan, and Australia—while others may move truly offshore to known tax havens.
China has already been in the news recently, due to an exposé on offshore accounts held by members of the Chinese leadership. About 22,000 mainland Chinese and Hong Kong citizens were revealed to have accounts in tax havens in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The money is associated with hidden wealth. Some of this is suspected to stem from transactions that may not have been entirely above board. A current anticorruption campaign is attempting to eliminate some of the worst abuses.